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Southern Cross Plant Science

Dr Carolyn Raymond

Carolyn Raymond

Associate Professor

t: +61 2 6620 3142
f: +61 2 6622 2080
e: carolyn.raymond@scu.edu.au

Education:
BRurSc Hons Class 2A (University of New England)
MRurSc (University of New England)
PhD (University of Tasmania)

Research interests/background

  • Quantitative genetics
  • Forestry
  • Tree breeding

Research grants awarded in past 5 years

  • New Zealand Radiata Pine Breeding Company 'Matching genotypes with site to optimise performance'

Publications

Books

  • Downes, GM, Hudson, IL, Raymond, CA, Dean, GH Michell, AJ, Schimleck, LR, Evans, R and Muneri, A Sampling plantation eucalypts for wood and fibre properties (1997) CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. Number of Pages: 132.
  • Potts, BM, Borralho, NMG, Reid, JB, Cromer, RN, Tibbits, WN and Raymond, C A Eucalypt Plantations: Improving Fibre Yield and Quality (1995) Proceedings CRCTHF-IUFRO Conference, Hobart, February 1995.

Book Chapters

  • Raymond, C. A., M. Henson, et al. (2009). Quantitative and molecular genetic control of wood properties and chemistry in Eucalyptus pilularis. Proc. University of Canterbury, Wood Technology Research Centre Workshop 'Revisiting Eucalypts 2009'. L. Apiolaza, S. Chauhan and J. C. F. Walker, February 12, 2009, Christchurch, New Zealand: 13-28.
  • Raymond, CA and Apiolaza, L (2004) Incorporating wood quality and deployment traits in Eucalyptus globulus and Eucalyptus nitens. In Plantation Forest Biotechnology for the 21st Century. Christian Walter and Mike Carson (Ed). New Zealand, New Zealand Forest Research Institute. p 7-99.
  • Raymond, CA (1992) Flowering biology, genetics and tree breeding. In Black wattle and its utilization. Ho Chin Ko and A.G. Brown (Ed). ACIAR and Chinese Academy of Forestry in Chinese. p 30.

Journals

  • Raymond, C.A., Davies, N.W., Larkman, T. (2017) GC-MS method validation and levels of methyl eugenol in a diverse range of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oils published in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Volume 409, Issue 7, 1 March 2017, Pages 1779-1787
  • Raymond, C.A. (2011) Genotype by environment interactions for Pinus radiata in New South Wales, Australia. Tree Genetics and Genomes Published online March 2011 DOI 10.1007/s11295-011-0376-4
  • Moreno Chan, J., Walker, J.C.F. and Raymond, C.A. (2011) Variation in green density and moisture content in plantation trees of radiata pine. Australian Forestry (In Press)
  • Prastyono, D., J. C., Nichols, J. D., Raymond, C. A. (2011). "Potential of Clones in improving the financial benefits of essential oil production from Melaluca alternifolia plantations." Agroforestry Systems: online.
  • Lan, J., Raymond, C.A., Smith, H.J., Thomas, D.S., Henson, M., Carnegie, A. J. & Nichols, J. D. .(2011). "Variation in growth and Quambalaria tolerance of clones of Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata planted on four contrasting sites in north eastern. NSW." Australian Forestry 74(3): 205-217.
  • Moreno Chan, J., C. A. Raymond, et al.(2010). "Non-destructive assessment of green density and moisture condition in plantation-grown radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don.) by increment core measurements." Holzforschung 64: 521-528.
  • Moreno Chan, J., J. C. F. Walker, et al.(2010). "Effects of moisture content and temperature on acoustic velocity and dynamic MOE of radiata pine sapwood boards." Wood Science and Technology.
  • Raymond, C. A., D. Thomas, et al.(2010). "Predicting pulp yield and pulp productivity of Eucalyptus dunnii using acoustic techniques." Australian Forestry 73(2): 91-97.
  • Raymond, C. A., J. F. G. Tibbits, et al.(2010). "Genetic variation amongst and within the native provenances of Pinus radiata D. Don. III. Molecular and quantitative structure." Silvae Genetica 59(6): 289-298.
  • Shepherd, M. and C. A. Raymond.(2010). "Species differentiation and gene flow in the Blackbutts (Genus Eucalyptus Subgenus Eucalyptus Section Pseudophloius)." Conservation Genetics. 11: 1965-1978.
  • Raymond, C. A., M. Henson, et al.(2009). Improving dimensional stability in plantation-grown E. pilularis and E. dunnii. Forest and Wood Products Australia: 71.
  • Raymond, C. A., M. Henson, et al.(2009). Quantitative and molecular genetic control of wood properties and chemistry in Eucalyptus pilularis. Proc. University of Canterbury, Wood Technology Research Centre Workshop 'Revisiting Eucalypts 2009'. L. Apiolaza, S. Chauhan and J. C. F. Walker, February 12, 2009, Christchurch, New Zealand: 13-28.
  • Raymond, C.A. and Henson, M.(2009) Genetic variation amongst and within the native provenances of Pinus radiata D. Don in south-eastern Australia I. Growth and form to age 26 years. Silvae Genetica (In press)
  • Raymond, C.A., Henson, M. and Joe, B.(2009) Genetic variation amongst and within the native provenances of Pinus radiata D. Don in south-eastern Australia. II. Wood density and stiffness to age 26 years. Silvae Genetica 58:192-204.
  • Wielinga, B., Raymond, C.A., James, R. and Matheson, C.A.(2009) Effect of green density values on Pinus radiata stiffness estimation using stress wave technique. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 39:71-79.
  • Wielinga, B., Raymond, C.A., James, R. and Matheson, C.A.(2009) Genetic parameters and genotype by environment interaction for green and basic density and stiffness of Pinus radiata D. Don estimated using acoustics. Silvae Genetica 58:112-122.
  • Hamilton, M.G., Raymond, C.A., Harwood, C.E. and Potts, B.M.(2008) Genetic variation in Eucalyptus nitens pulpwood and wood shrinkage traits. Tree Genetics and Genomes. Published on line 3/09/2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11295-008-0179-4.
  • Hamilton, M.G., Raymond, C.A. and Potts, B.M.(2008) Short Note: The genetic correlation between air-dried density and basic density in Eucalyptus nitens wood cores. Silvae Genetica 57:210-212.
  • Johnson, I.G., Cotterill, I.M., Raymond, C.A. and Henson, M.(2008) Half a century of radiata tree improvement in NSW. New Zealand Journal of Forestry 52(4):7-13.
  • Raymond, C.A.(2008) Influence of prior land use on wood quality of Pinus radiata in NSW. Forest Ecology and Management 255:2626-2633.
  • Raymond, C.A, Henson, M., Pelletier, M.C., Boyton, S., Joe, W., Thomas, D., Smith H. and Vanclay, J. (2008). Improving dimensional stability in plantation-grown E. pilularis and E. dunnii. Forest & Wood Products Australia Report: PN06.3017. 71 pp
  • Raymond C.A., Joe, B., Anderson, D.W. and Watt, D.(2008) Effect of thinning on relationship between three measures of wood stiffness in Pinus radiata: standing trees vs logs vs short clear specimens. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38:2870-2879
  • Raymond C, Joe B, Evans R and Dickson R(2007) Relationship between timber grade, static and dynamic modulus of elasticity and SilviScan properties for Pinus radiata in New South Wales. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 37:187-196
  • Raymond, CA(2007) Influence of wood density and fibre length on properties of medium density fibreboard manufactured from Pinus radiata. Appita Journal 60:204-208
  • Raymond, CA and Joe, B(2007) Patterns of basic density variation for Pinus radiata grown in south-west slopes region of NSW, Australia. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 37:81-95
  • Toulmin, MJ and Raymond, CA(2007) Developing a sampling strategy for measuring acoustic velocity in standing radiata pine using the TreeTap time of flight tool. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 37:96-111
  • Poke, FS and Raymond, CA (2006) Predicting extractives, lignin and cellulose contents using near infrared spectroscopy on solid wood in Eucalyptus globulus. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology 26:187-199
  • Poke, FS, Potts, BM, Vaillancourt, RE and Raymond, CA(2006) Genetic parameters for lignin, extractives and decay in Eucalyptus globulus. Annals of Forest Science 63:813-821
  • Raymond, CA(2006) Density assessment of radiata pine: sampling strategy revisited. Holzforschung 60:580-582
  • Schimleck, LR, Kube, PD, Raymond, CA, Michell, AJ and French, J (2006) Extending near infrared spectroscopy calibrations to new sites and species. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology 26:299-311
  • Apiolaza, LA, Raymond, CA and Yeo, B (2005) Genetic variation of physical and chemical wood properties of Eucalyptus globulus. Silvae Genetica 54:160-166
  • Kube, PD and Raymond, CA (2005) Breeding to minimise the effects of collapse in Eucalyptus nitens. Forest Genetics 12:23-34
  • Raymond, CA and Anderson, DW (2005) Prior land use influences wood properties of Pinus radiata in New South Wales. New Zealand Journal Forestry Science 35:72-90
  • Schimleck, LR, Kube, PD, Raymond, CA, Michell, AJ and French, J (2005) Estimation of whole-tree kraft pulp yield of Eucalyptus nitens using near infrared spectra collected from increment cores. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:2797-2805
  • Poke, FS, Wright, JK and Raymond, CA (2004) Predicting extractive and lignin content in Eucalyptus globulus using near infrared reflectance. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology 24:55-67
  • Raymond, CA, Kube, PD, Pinkard, L, Savage L and Bradley, A (2004) Evaluation of non-destructive methods of measuring growth stress in E globulus: relationships between strain, wood properties and stress. Forest Ecology and Management 190:187:200
  • Schimleck, LR, Kube, PD and Raymond, CA (2004) Genetic improvement of kraft pulp yield in Eucalyptus nitens using cellulose content determined by near infrared spectroscopy. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34:2636-2370
  • Thamarus, K, Groom, K, Bradley, A, Raymond, CA and Moran, GF (2004) Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci for Wood and Fibre Properties in two full-sib pedigrees of Eucalyptus globulus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 109:856-864
  • Dickson, RL, Raymond, CA, Joe, B and Wilkinson AC (2003) Segregation of Eucalyptus dunnii logs using acoustics. Forest Ecology and Management 179:243-251
  • Greaves, BL, Borralho, NMG, Raymond, CA (2003) Early selection in eucalypt breeding in Australia - optimum selection age to minimise the total cost of kraft pulp production. New Forests 25:201-210
  • Kube, PD and Raymond, CA (2002) Prediction of whole tree basic density and pulp yield using wood core samples in Eucalyptus nitens. Appita Journal 55:43-48
  • Matheson, AC, Wu, HX, Spencer, DJ, Raymond, CA and Griffin, AR (2002) Inbreeding in Pinus radiata III The effect of inbreeding on age-age correlation and early selection efficiency. Silvae Genetica 51:115-122
  • Moran, GF, Thamarus, KA, Raymond, CA, Qiu, D, Uren, T and Southerton, SG (2002) Genomics of Eucalyptus wood traits. Annals of Forest Science 59:645-650
  • Raymond, CA (2002) Genetics of Eucalyptus wood properties. Annals of Forest Science 59:525-531
  • Raymond, CA and Bradley, AD (2002) Assessment of wood colour in Eucalyptus nitens. Appita Journal 55:118-122
  • Kube, PD, Raymond, CA and Banham, PW (2001) Genetic parameters for diameter, basic density, fibre properties and cellulose content in Eucalyptus nitens. Forest Genetics 8:285-294
  • Muneri, A and Raymond, CA (2001) Non-destructive sampling of Eucalyptus globulus and E nitens for wood properties II Fibre length and coarseness. Wood Science and Technology 35:41-56
  • Raymond, CA and Muneri, A (2001) Non-destructive sampling of Eucalyptus globulus and E nitens for wood properties 1 Basic density. Wood Science and Technology 35:27-39
  • Raymond, CA and Schimleck, LR (2001) Development of near infrared reflectance analysis calibrations for estimating genetic parameters for cellulose content in Eucalyptus globulus. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32:170-176
  • Raymond, CA, Schimleck, LR, Muneri A and Michell, AJ (2001) Genetic parameters and genotype-by-environment interactions for pulp yield predicted using near infrared reflectance analysis and pulp productivity in Eucalyptus globulus. Forest Genetics 8:213-224
  • Raymond, CA, Schimleck, LR, Muneri, A and Michell, AJ (2001) Non-destructive sampling of Eucalyptus globulus and E nitens for wood properties III Predicted pulp yield using near infrared reflectance analysis. Wood Science and Technology 35:203-215
  • Muneri, A and Raymond, CA (2000) Genetic parameters and genotype-by-environment interactions for basic density, pilodyn penetration and diameter in Eucalyptus globulus. Forest Genetics 7:321-332
  • Raymond, CA and Muneri, A (2000) Effect of fertiliser on wood properties of Eucalyptus globulus. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:136-144
  • Schimleck, LR, Michell, AJ and Raymond, CA (2000) Effect of site on within-tree variation of wood properties of eucalypts as determined by NIR spectroscopy and multivariate analysis. Appita Journal 53:318-322
  • Schimleck, LR, Raymond, CA, Beadle, CL, Downes, GM, Kube, PD and French, J (2000) Applications of NIR spectroscopy to forest research. Appita Journal 53:458-464
  • Schimleck, LR, Michell, AJ, Raymond, CA and Muneri, A (1999) Estimation of basic density of Eucalyptus globulus using near-infrared spectroscopy. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29:194-201
  • White, DA, Raymond, CA, Kile, GA and Hall, MF (1999) Are there genetic differences in susceptibility of Eucalyptus nitens and E regnans stems to defect and decay?. Australian Forestry 62:368-374
  • Raymond, CA (1998) Role of leaf development and colour change in differential defoliation of Eucalyptus regnans families by the leaf eating beetle Chrysophtharta bimaculata (OLIVIER). Forest Ecology and Management 109:75-84
  • Raymond, CA and MacDonald, AC (1998) Where to shoot your pilodyn: within tree variation in basic density in plantation E globulus and E nitens in Tasmania. New Forests 15:205-221
  • Raymond, CA, Banham, P and MacDonald, AC (1998) Within tree variation and genetic control of basic density, fibre length and coarseness in Eucalyptus regnans in Tasmania. Appita 51:299-305
  • Raymond, CA, Muneri, A and MacDonald, AC (1998) Non-destructive sampling for basic density in Eucalyptus globulus and E nitens. Appita 51:224-228
  • Schimleck, LR, Michell, AJ, Raymond, CA and Muneri, A (1998) Assessment of the pulpwood quality of standing trees using near-infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscophy 6:A117-A123
  • Searle, SD, Owen, JV, Williams, ER and Raymond, CA (1998) Variation in frost tolerance within two provenances of Acacia mearnsii De Wild. Australian Forestry 61:1-6
  • Greaves, BL, Borralho, NMG and Raymond, CA (1997) Breeding objective for plantation eucalypts grown for production of kraft pulp. Forest Science 43:465-472
  • Greaves, BL, Borralho, NMG and Raymond, CA (1997) Assumptions underlying the use of economic weights - are they valid in breeding for eucalypt kraft pulp?. Forest Genetics 4:35-42
  • Greaves, BL, Borralho, NMG, Raymond, CA, Evans, R and Whiteman, P (1997) Age-age correlations in and relationships between basic density and growth in Eucalyptus nitens. Silvae Genetica 46:264-270
  • Raymond, CA, Volker, PW and Williams, ER (1997) Provenance variation, genotype by environment interactions and age-age correlations for Eucalyptus regnans on nine sites in south eastern Australia. Forest Genetics 4:235-251
  • Greaves, BL, Borralho, NMG and Raymond, CA and Farrington, A (1996) Use of a Pilodyn for the indirect selection of basic density in Eucalyptus nitens. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26:1643-1650
  • Greaves, BL, Schimleck, LR, Borralho, NMG, Michell, AJ and Raymond, CA (1996) Genetic control and repeatability of near infrared reflectance from Eucalyptus nitens wood-meal. Appita 49:423-426
  • Patterson, KC, Clarke, AR, Raymond, CA and Zalucki, MP (1996) Performance of first instar Chrysophtharta bimaculata (Olivier) larvae (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) on nine families of Eucalyptus regnans (F Muell)(Myrtaceae). Journal of Chemoecology 7:94-106
  • Raymond, CA (1995) Genetic variation in Eucalyptus regnans and Eucalyptus nitens for levels of observed defoliation caused by the Eucalyptus leaf beetle, Chrysophtharta bimaculata Olivier, in Tasmania. Forest Ecology and Management 72:21-29
  • Raymond, CA Owen, JV, Eldridge, KG and Harwood, CE (1992) Screening eucalypts for frost tolerance in breeding programs. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22:1271-1277
  • Raymond, CA, Owen, JV and Ravenwood, IC (1992) Genetic variation for frost tolerance in a breeding population of E nitens. Silvae Genetica 41:355-362
  • Raymond, CA and Cotterill, PP (1990) Methods of assessing crown form of Radiata Pine. Silvae Genetica 39:67-71
  • Raymond, CA and Lindgren, D (1990) Genetic Flexibility: A model for determining the range of suitable environments for a seed source. Silvae Genetica 39:112-120
  • Raymond, CA and Namkoong, G (1990) Optimising Breeding Zones: Genetic Flexibility or Maximum Value?. Silvae Genetica 39:110-112
  • Volker, PW and Raymond, CA (1989) Potential for breeding Eucalypts in Tasmania. Appita 42:198-200
  • Matheson, AC and Raymond, CA (1986) Provenance x Environment interaction: its practical importance and use with particular reference to the tropics. Commonwealth Forestry Review 65:283-302
  • Raymond, CA, Harwood, CE and Owen, JV (1986) A conductivity method for screening populations of Eucalypts for frost damage and frost tolerance. Australian Journal of Botany 34:377-393
  • Matheson, AC and Raymond, CA (1984) The impact of Genotype x Environment Interactions on Australian Pinus radiata breeding programs. Australian Forest Research 14:11-25
  • Matheson, AC and Raymond, CA (1984) Effects of thinning in progeny tests on estimates of genetic parameters in Pinus radiata. Silvae Genetica 33:125-128

Conference Abstracts

  • Poke, FS, Raymond, CA, Reid, JB and Vaillancourt, RE (2004) The effect of a single amino acid substitution in a lignin biosynthesis enzyme of wood properties in Eucalyptus globulus. IUFRO Conference of 'Eucalyptus is a Changing World'. Proceedings of IUFRO Conference, Edited by Borralho et al. Aveiro, Portugal. October 2004.
  • Raymond, CA (2001) Genetics of Eucalyptus wood properties. Keynote address at International Conference on 'Wood, Breeding and Biotechnology and Industrial Expectations'. Bordeaux, France. June 2001
  • Raymond, CA (2001) Tree breeding issues for solid wood production. Invited address to International Union of Forest Research Organisations conference on 'The future of eucalypts for solid wood products'. Launceston, Australia. March 2000.