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Southern Cross GeoScience

Professor Anja Scheffers

Anya

Education:

Habilitation: 2006, University of Duisburg-Essen, Theme: "Coastal Response to Extreme Events". The habilitation is equivalent to a higher doctorate in the Australian system.

PhD.: Dr. rer. nat. 2002, University of Essen, Theme: "Paleotsunamis in the Caribbean - Field evidences and Datings from Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire" (Magna cum laude).

E: anja.scheffers@scu.edu.au

Research interests / background:

During my studies of Physical Geography and by a series of accidental turns I became fascinated to investigate how coastal environments have changed in the past. I'm particularly interested in processes that shape and modify coastal landscapes over a variety of length and time scales and the coupling and feedback between such processes, their rates, and their relative roles, especially in the contexts of variation in climatic and tectonic influences and in light of changes due to human impact:

  • Understanding past and modern marine physical natural hazards such as tsunamis and storms
  • The development of long-term records of tsunamis/cyclones from geological and biological proxy evidence as well as historical documentary records
  • Exploring linkages between Late Quaternary climate and landscape change focusing on past sea level and response of coastal ecosystems, particularly coral reefs
  • Quaternary geochronology based on ESR and U-series dating and multi-proxy study of corals
  • Palaeoclimatology
  • Geomythology (pairs geological evidence of catastrophic events and reports of such events encoded into the mythological lexicon of ancient societies)

Awards

  • ARC Future Fellowship "Unravelling Western Australia's Stormy Past - A Precisely-Dated Sediment Record of Cyclones over the past 7000 years"

Research grants:

  • $385,000 German Research Council MA 5768/1-1, Cyclone-generated washover deposits and landforms of Western Australia - Sediment characteristics and chronology of geo-archives and palaeotempestological implications CI 3 of 3. (Dr. May, Prof. Brueckner, University of Cologne, Germany).
  • $10,000 AINSE Honours Scholarship for SCU student Stan Kinis (linked to the Olympia project)
  • $10,465 AINSE 1289: Sedimentary burial of ancient Olympia (Peloponnese, Greece) by high-energy flood deposits - the Olympia Tsunami Hypothesis in the context of Eastern Ionian Sea tsunami evidence.
  • $200,000 Australian Research Council Linkage Infrastructure Equipment and Facilities Project (LE120100201) "High-resolution laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer for cutting edge geochemistry research." Bush, R. T., Burton, E. D., Scheffers, S. R., Scheffers, A. M., Rose, A.
  • $ 6,000 Undergraduate Scholarships (Supervisor A. Scheffers)Bayerboost Undergraduate Scholarship for UQ student Kelly Fox (linked to the FT Western Australia project)
  • $150,000 German Research Foundation (DFG): Paleotsunamis in the Caribbean. 2001.
  • $26,000 Young Scientist Award, University of Duisburg-Essen: Tsunami Risk in the Eastern Mediterranean.2006.
  • $45,000 German Research Foundation (DFG): Storms and Tsunamis in Western Australia.2006.
  • $55,000 German Research Foundation (DFG): Late Holocene variations in temperature and hydrologic balance - Sub-seasonal reconstructions from southern Caribbean corals, together with Prof. Dr. Jürgen Pätzold and Dr. Thomas Felis of the DFG research group Ocean Margins at the University of Bremen.2006.
  • $49,000 German Research Foundation (DFG): Geoarchaeology as a method to understand the Holocene storm chronology in Ireland and Scotland. 2007.
  • $400,000 German Research Foundation (DFG): Key processes in Coastal Evolution of the Tropics (Southern Caribbean).2007.
  • $80,000 German Research Foundation (DFG): TRIAS-Coast "Tracing tsunami impacts in coastal geo- and bio-archives along the west coast of Thailand".2007.
  • $10,000 SCU Recruitment Award: Extreme Wave Events in Coral Bay, Western Australia.2007.
  • $950,000 ARC LIEF, "The future of palaeoclimate and archaeological research in Australia: next generation instrumentation for chronology and environmental reconstruction". Listed as CI Nr 8 (out of 52 Australian Scientists).2008.
  • $686,400 ARC - Future Fellowship "Unravelling Western Australia's Stormy Past - A Precisely-Dated Sediment Record of Cyclones over the past 7000 years".2009.
  • $65,000 German Research Foundation (DFG): „Chevrons" - Enigmatic littoral deposits. Pilot studies at the coastlines of southern Brazil and central Chile.2010.

Post Graduate student supervision

PhD

Stan Kinis (current), Marie Orange (current), Peter Squire (current), Andrea Yates (current)

Honours

Stan Kinis (completed)

Publications:

Journal articles

2014

Joannes-Boyau R., Guibert P., Chapoullie R., Lahaye C., Scheffers A., Parr J. (2014) Re-assessment of organic radicals and paramagnetic centres in Bergeracois brown cherts, implication for absolute dating. Quaternary Geochronology 23, 26-34. (2012 ERAID 34378 - FOR 0402 or 0406)

Yates A., Scheffers A., Parr J., Joannes-Boyau R. (2014) AMS dating of ancient plant residues from experimental stone tools: a pilot study. Journal of Archaeological Science 49, 595-602. (2012 ERAID 1739 - FOR 0402)

2013

Engel M., Brückner H., Fürstenberg S., Frenzel P., Konopczak A.M., Scheffers A., Kelletat D., May S.M., Schäbitz F., Daut G. (2013) A prehistoric tsunami induced long-lasting ecosystem changes on a semi-arid tropical island - the case of Boka Bartol (Bonaire, Leeward Antilles). Naturwissenschaften, 100, 51-67. (2012 ERAID 2101 - FOR MD)

Kelletat D., Kinis S., Scheffers A. (2013) Recent advances in Palaeo-Tsunami Research of the Eastern Mediterranean. Aegean Geographical Journal, Spec. Vol. in Honour of Prof. Dr. Ilhan Kayan, University of Izmir, Turkey. 35 pp. (2012 ERAID N/A)

Kelletat D.H., Scheffers A.M., May S.M. (2013) Coastal environments from Polar Regions to the Tropics - A geographer's zonality perspective. In: Martini, I.P., Wanless, H.R. (eds.), Sedimentary Coastal Zones from High to Low Latitudes: Similarities and Differences. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 388 (2012 ERAID 1744 - FOR 0403)

Scheffers A., Engel M., May M., Scheffer S., Joannes-Boyau R., Hanssler E., Kenendy K., Kelletat D.H., Bruckner H., Vott A., Schellmann G., Schabitz F., Radtke U., Sommer B., Willershausser T., Felis T. (2013). Potential and limits of combining studies of coarse- and fine-grained sediments for the coastal event history of a Caribbean carbonate environment. Geological Society of London, special publication 388. (2012 ERAID N/A)

Scheffers A.M., Scheffers S.R., Kelletat D.H., Squire P., Collins L, Feng Y., Zhao J.X., Johannes-Boyau R., May S.M., Schellmann G., Freeman H. (2013) Reply to Comment on: Coarse clast ridge sequences as suitable archives for past storm events? Case study on the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Journal of Quaternary Science Volume 28 (2) 213-215. (2012 ERAID 1814 - FOR 0406)

Squire, P., Joannes-Boyau, R., Scheffers, S., Scheffers, A., Hua, Q., Nothdurft, L., Collins, L., Zhao, Jx. (2013) A marine reservoir correction for the Houtman-Abrolhos Archipelago, East Indian Ocean, Western Australia. Radiocarbon 55, 103-114. (2012 ERAID 1905 - FOR 0402)

Yates, A., Scheffers, A., Parr, J., Joannes-Boyau, R. (in press) AMS Dating of ancient residues from experimental stone tools. Journal of Archaeological Science. Accepted Manuscript. (2012 ERAID 1739 - FOR 0402)

2012

Brill D., Klasen N., Brückner H., Jankaew K., Kelletat D., Scheffers A., Scheffers S. (2012) Correlation of discontinuous palaeotsunami deposits on Ko Phra Thong (SW Thailand) by means of luminescence dating. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 12, 2177-2192(2012 ERAID 123026 - FOR 0406)

Brill D., Klasen N., Brückner H., Jankaew K., Scheffers A., Kelletat D., Scheffers S. (2012) OSL dating of tsunami deposits from Phra Thong Island, Thailand. Quaternary Geochronology. 10,224-229(2012 ERAID 34378 - FOR 0402 or 0406)

Engel M., Brückner H., Scheffers A., May S.M., Kelletat D. (2012) Holocene sea levels of Bonaire (Leeward Antilles) and tectonic implications. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie. 8854: S-00111(2012 ERAID 1767 - FOR 0406)

Engel M., Brückner H., Scheffers A., Messenzehl K., Frenzel P., May S.M., Scheffers S., Wennreich V., Kelletat D. (2012) Shoreline changes and high-energy wave impacts at the leeward coast of Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles). Earth, Planets and Space. 61, 905-921(2012 ERAID 30174 - FOR 04)

Scheffers A., Brill D., Scheffers S., Kelletat D., Fox K. (2012) Field Evidence of Holocene Sea- and Tide-Level Indicators along the Andaman Sea Coast of Thailand. The Holocene. 22, 1162-1173(2012 ERAID 1805 - FOR 0406)

Scheffers A.M., Scheffers S.R., Kelletat D.H., Squire P., Collins L, Feng Y., Zhao J.X., Johannes-Boyau R., May S.M., Schellmann G., Freeman H.(2012)Coarse clast ridge sequences as suitable archives for past storm events? Case study on the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Journal of Quaternary Science. 27 (7) 713-724 (2012 ERAID 1814 - FOR 0406)

Scheffers A.M., Scheffers S.R., Squire P. (2012) Trimlines as Evidence for Palaeo-Tsunamis. Natural Hazards, 63 (1) 165-179 (2012 ERAID 1986 - FOR 0406)

2011

Brill D, Brückner H, Jankaew K, Kelletat D, Scheffers A, Scheffers S. (2011) Potential predecessors of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami - sedimentary evidence of extreme wave events at Ban Bang Sak, SW Thailand. Sedimentary Geology, 239, 146-161.

Anja Scheffers, Max Engel, Sander Scheffers, Peter Squire, Dieter Kelletat, 2011. Beach Ridge Systems - Archives for Holocene Coastal Events? Progress in Physical Geography, 36: 5-37.

2010

Benner R., Browne T., Brueckner H., Scheffers A., Kelletat D. (2010) Boulder Transport by waves: Progress in Physical Modelling. Annals of Geomorphology, 54 (3), 127-146. (ERA ranking B)

Engel M., Brückner H., Wennrich V., Scheffers A., Kelletat D., Vött A., Schäbitz F., Daut G., Willershäuser T., May S.M. (2010) Coastal stratigraphies of eastern Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles): new insights into the palaeo-tsunami history of the southern Caribbean. Sedimentary Geology, 231, 1-2 (ERA ranking A)

Pignatelli C., Scheffers A., Scheffers S., Mastronuzzi G. (2010) Evaluation of tsunami flooding from geomorphological evidence in Bonaire (Netherland Antilles). Annals of Geomorphology, 54 (3), 219 - 249 (ERA ranking B)

Scheffers A., Scheffers S., Kelletat D. (2010) Reply to: Wave-emplaced coarse debris and megaclasts in Ireland and Scotland: storm waves or tsunamis? By A. M. Hall, J. D. Hansom and D. M. Williams. Journal of Geology. 118, 705-709. (ERA ranking A)

Scheffers A., Scheffers S., Kelletat D., Haslett S. (2010) Coastal Boulder Deposits at Galway Bay and the Aran Islands, Western Ireland. Annals of Geomorphology, 54 (3), 247-279. (ERA ranking B)

2009

Scheffers, A., Scheffers, S., Kelletat, D., 2009. Wave emplaced coarse debris and mega-clasts in Ireland and Scotland: a contribution to the question of boulder transport in the littoral environment. Journal of Geology 117 (5): 553 - 573.

Scheffers, A., Kelletat, D., Engel, M. 2009. Die Entwicklung der (physischen) Tsunamiforschung nach der Sumatra-Andaman-Katastrophe vom 26.12.2004. Geographische Rundschau 61 (20): 20-26.

2008

Scheffers, SR, Scheffers, A., Browne, T. & Haviser, J., 2008. Tsunamis and hurricanes and their effects on coral reefs and pre-historic human populations. Quat. Int. 195: 69- 87. (doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2008.07.016l).

Scheffers, A. & Kelletat, D., 2008. Cliff Recession and Boulder Transport along the West Coasts of the British Isles. In: 26th Annual Meeting Working Group Geography of Oceans and Coasts, Marburg (Germany), Marburger Geographische Schriften, 145: 85 - 96.

Engel, M., Brückner, H., Kelletat, D., Schäbitz, F., Scheffers, A., Scheffers, S., Vött, A., Wille, M. & Willershäuser, T., 2008. Reading the chapter of extreme wave events in nearshore geo-bio-archives of Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles) - initial results. In: 26th Annual Meeting Working Group Geography of Oceans and Coasts, Marburg (Germany), Marburger Geographische Schriften, 145: 101 - 117.

Scheffers, A., Scheffers, S., Kelletat, D., Abbott, D. & Bryant, E., 2008. Chevrons - Enigmatic Sedimentary Coastal Features. - Annals of Geomorphology 52 (3): 216-241. (doi 10.1127/0372-8854/2008).

Scheffers, A., Kelletat, D., Vött, A., May, M. and Scheffers, S., 2008. Late Holocene tsunami traces on the western and southern coastlines of the Peloponnesus (Greece). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 269: 271-279. (doi.10.1016/j.epsl.2008.02.021).

Scheffers, S., Scheffers, A., Kelletat, D. and Bryant, E. 2008. The Paleo-Tsunami History of West Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 270: 137-146. (doi.10.1016/j.epsl.2008.03.027).

Scheffers, A., 2008. Fels-Skulpturen durch extreme Schmelzwasserströmung im Westen Grönlands? Annals of Geomorphology, 52, 145-167.

2007

Scheffers, A. & Scheffers, S., 2007. First significant tsunami evidence from historical times in western Crete (Greece). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 259 (3-4): 613-624.

Kelletat, D., Scheffers, A. & Scheffers, S., 2007. Field Signatures of the SE-Asian Mega-Tsunami along the West Coast of Thailand compared to Holocene Paleo-Tsunami from the Atlantic Region. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 164 (2/3): 413-431.

2006

Scheffers, S., Scheffers, A., Kelletat, D., Radtke, U., Staben, K. & Bak, R.P.M., 2006. Tsunami trigger long-lasting phase-shifts in coral reef ecosystem. Annals of Geomorphology, NF Suppl.-Vol. 146: 59-79.

Scheffers, A., 2006. Coastal transformation during and after the coseismic uplift 365 AD in western Crete, Greece. Annals of Geomorphology, NF Suppl.-Bd. 146: 97-124.

Scheffers, A., 2006. Ripple Marks in Coarse Tsunami Deposits. Annals of Geomorphology, NF Suppl.-Vol. 146: 221-233.

Scheffers, A., 2006. Sedimentary Impacts of Holocene Tsunami Events from the Intra-Americas Seas and Southern Europe: A review. Annals of Geomorphology, NF Suppl.Vol. 146: 7-37.

Scheffers, A. & Kelletat, D., 2006. Tsunami and Paleo-Tsunami-Research: Where are we now and where do we go? Annals of Geomorphology, NF Suppl.-Bd. 146: 1-5.

Scheffers, A. & Scheffers, S., 2006. Documentation of the Impact of Hurricane Ivan on the Coastline of Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles). Journal of Coastal Research, 22(6): 1437-1450.

Scheffers, A., 2006. Argumente und Methoden zur Unterscheidung von Sturm- und Tsunamischutt und das Problem der Datierungen von Paläo-Tsunami. Die Erde, Variaheft 04, 1-36.

Kelletat, D., Scheffers, S. & Scheffers, A., 2006. Learning from the SE-Asian Tsunami: Examples from Thailand's West Coast. Geographische Rundschau International, 2 (1): 4-9.

2005

Kelletat, D., Scheffers, A. & Scheffers, S., 2005. Tsunami - eine unterschätzte Naturgefahr? Geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen, 5-13.

Kelletat, D. & Scheffers, A., 2005. Ergänzende Informationen zum Sumatra-An-daman-Tsunami vom 26.12.2004. Geographische Rundschau, 9: 64-65.

Scheffers, A. & Kelletat, D., 2005. Tsunami Relics in the Coastal Landscape West of Lisbon, Portugal. Science of Tsunami Hazards, 23 (1): 3-16.

Scheffers, A., Scheffers, S. & Kelletat, D., 2005. Paleo-Tsunami Relics on the Southern and Central Antillean Island Arc (Grenada, St. Lucia and Guadeloupe). Journal of Coastal Research, 21 (2): 263-273.

Books

Scheffers, A., 2005. Coastal Response to Extreme Wave Events: Hurricanes and Tsunami on Bonaire. - Ess. Geogr. Arb., 37, 96 pages, ISBN 3-9808567-3-9.

Book Chapters

2012

May, S.M., Brill, D., Engel, M., Squire, P., Scheffers, A. and Kelletat, D., 2012. Coastal hazards from tropical cyclones and extra-tropical winter storms based on Late Holocene storm chronologies. In: Finkl, C. (Ed.), Coastal Hazards. Springer, Netherlands. Accepted.

Scheffers, A., Scheffers, S., Kelletat, D. 2012. "Understanding our environment. The Coastlines of the World with Google Earth". Springer, the Netherlands. ISBN-10: 9400707371.

Scheffers, A., May, M., Engel, M., Kelletat, D. 2012. "Understanding our environment. Landforms of the World with Google Earth". Springer, the Netherlands. Accepted and in production.

2008

Scheffers, A., 2008. Tsunami Boulder Deposits. In: Shiki, T. et al. (ed.): Tsunamiites. Elsevier Academic Press: 299-313, ISBN-13: 978-0-444-51552-0.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of Crete. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of the Pacific coast of Guatemala to Panama. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer, Dordrecht. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of the Caribbean coast Guatemala to Belize. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer, Dordrecht. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of Hispaniola. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer, Dordrecht. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of Egypt, Mediterranean. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer, Dordrecht. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of Morocco. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer, Dordrecht. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of Sierra Leone. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer, Dordrecht. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

Scheffers, A., Browne, T. 2008. Coastal landforms of Ivory Coast. In: E.C.F. Bird (ed.), Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, Springer, Dordrecht. In press. Accepted 6/11/2008.

2007

Scheffers, A., 2007. Tsunami. In: Glade, T. & Felgentreff, C. (Hrsg.) Naturrisiken und Sozialkatastrophen. - Spektrum (Elsevier): 173-177, ISBN 978-3-8274-1571-4.

2006

Scheffers, A. & Kelletat, D., 2006. Recent Advances in Paleo-Tsunami Field Research in the Intra-Americas-Sea (Barbados, St. Martin and Anguilla). Proceedings of the NSF Caribbean Tsunami Workshop, Puerto Rico (Kluwer World Scientific Publishers): 178-202. ISBN: 9812565353.

2005

Scheffers, A., 2005. Windskulpturierung (ventifaction) im Küstenraum von West-Portugal und am SE-Peloponnes, Griechenland. Schriften des Arbeitskreises Landes- und Volkskunde (ALV), Koblenz: 15-33. ISSN 1610-8132.

Kelletat, D., Whelan, F., Bartel, P. & Scheffers, A., 2005. New Tsunami Evidences in Southern Spain - Cabo de Trafalgar and Mallorca Island. In: Sanjaume, E & Matheu, J.F. (eds.): Geomorfologia Litoral I Quarternari, Homenatge al professor Vincenç M. Rosselló I Verger. - Universitat de València, Spain: 215-222. ISBN 84-370-6441-4.

Kelletat, D. & Scheffers, A., 2005. Europe, Coastal Geomorphology. In: Schwartz, M. (Ed.): Encyclopaedia of Coastal Sciences. Dordrecht (Springer): 452-459, ISBN-13 978-1-4020-1903-6.